robert service historian background

[HNN Editor: The post of Chief Historian at the NPS has been vacant since June 2005, when Dwight T. Pitcaithley retired.] Birth. A week later, the city fell to the Czechs. This page provides an introduction to gender roles in this period; a discussion of how they affected crime, justice, and punishment; and advice on how to analyse the Proceedingsfor informat… The above quote summarizes the extent to which the appraisal process is disliked by the evaluators. Robert William Service, one of the most proficient poets and writers, is till date remembered for contributing some of the most celebrated works in literature. But then, on the other hand, why such a strong reaction to the killing of the tsar’s family in the first place, when death came to so many bystanders as well as participants in the course of Russia’s revolution and civil war. Virtually every aspect of English life between 1674 and 1913 was influenced by gender, and this includes behaviour documented in the Old Bailey Proceedings. He came to like Alexander Kerensky, the socialist who took over leadership of the provisional government from the liberals in the middle of 1917, remarking to a confidant: “That’s a person who could have been useful to me; it’s a pity that I didn’t know him earlier.” He and his household were looked after by Kerensky’s appointees, and he had many interesting conversations with one of them, a working-class socialist who had served time in tsarist prisons. A Russian court sentenced a distinguished historian known for re-enacting Napoleonic battle scenes to 12.5 years in jail on Friday after convicting him of the murder of his young student lover, whom he dismembered. Russians agonise over how to mark 1917 revolutions, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia with his wife, Alexandra, and son, Alexei, and daughters, Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia. In the second place, Russia’s monarchists, whose presumed plots to rescue the Tsar were a continuing concern for the ruling revolutionaries of February and October, never managed to mount anything like a serious rescue attempt. He went to… It has thus far been translated into Spanish and Portuguese. I found this confession bewildering when I first read it many years ago. Service reproaches him for not rethinking his conservatism once he had leisure to do so, which is a lot to ask under the circumstances. He is a prolific writer, penning eight books on modern Russian history, including biographies of Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Share page. Musing on what might have happened had Alexei assumed the throne, Nicholas suggested that he might well have accepted limitations to autocracy, since he would have been free of the constraints of Nicholas’s own coronation oath to “guard intact the form of government that I received from my father and to hand it on as such to my successor”. Putin’s government, along with Russian public opinion, is still conflicted in its evaluation of the revolution, and by implication the execution of the Romanov family. The Last of the Tsars by Robert Service review – dispelling the myths . His book The Last of the Tsars: Nicholas II and the Russian Revolution is published by Macmillan Robert M. Utley has been called "the Dean of Western History," a fitting moniker given the nearly two dozen books he has published on subjects ranging from Billy the Kid to the Texas Rangers, not to mention his tenure as chief historian of the National Park Service. To their great surprise, Nicholas put up no resistance. Perhaps, as Alexandra always thought, it would have been a different matter if she had been around to strengthen his backbone. Educated at Cambridge and Essex Universities, Service held a professorship at Oxford until 2013. Many others have shared McCarthy’s reaction, but not Robert Service, whose unsentimental account of the last 16 months of Nicholas’s life seems to have been motivated largely by a desire to dispel the myths that have gathered around the killings, and to get the facts of the matter established once and for all. The provisional government, trying to rule in tandem with a much more radical Petrograd Soviet, which had strong support in the urban working class and the army, was concerned to keep Nicholas out of the limelight and also out of harm’s way. Alexandra, on the other hand, treated all their overseers and guardians with resentful hauteur and was widely disliked by them. Share. He is currently working on the geopolitics of the Russian Revolution as well as a study of the end of the Cold War. He was also famous for his amours and his rebellion against orthodox religion and morality. Robert Service is a British academic and historian of modern Russia and the Soviet Union. The original intention of the Bolshevik leaders in Moscow had been to hold a show trial of Nicholas in that city, but the idea had to be abandoned as it became clear that Ekaterinburg was likely to be occupied by anti-Bolshevik forces. Most of the book, especially the earlier part, is focused on the USSR, but there is decent insight into Yugoslavia, Cuba, and China. It is hard to imagine a ruler with less apparent interest in power than Nicholas. I cannot take interest in the life of an individual Russian citizen.”. But then, on the other hand, why such a strong reaction to the killing of the tsar’s family in the first place, when death came to so many bystanders as well as participants in the course of Russia’s revolution and civil war? Son of William Charles Welsh, sugar manufacturer and auctioneer, and Jane Porter: Marriage and Family. Published. The Bolsheviks announced Nicholas’s execution, but remained silent about the fate of the rest of the family, leaving popular rumours about the miraculous survival of at least one offspring to multiply. Free UK p&p over £10, online orders only. He was raised by his aunts in a small town in Ayrshire. The girls still had short hair when they died. He told a conference in Stavropol last year that “the elimination and shooting of the tsar’s family, including the children”, was a (or perhaps “the” – Russian is ambiguous on this) “most outrageous example” of the repressions that characterised Soviet rule from the very beginning. But why did they kill Dr Botkin? He wrote his first poem on his sixth birthday, and was educated at some of the best schools in Scotland, where his interest in poetry grew alongside a desire for travel … Robert Service has provided a decent, detailed, yet highly readable account of the world communist movement, that leaves no stone unturned. So there is a lot more to say about Churchill. For the leaders of the White Armies – the Bolsheviks’ opponents in the civil war that broke out in the spring of 1918 – restoration of the monarchy was not a rallying cry. At first he and the family were confined under house arrest to his palace in Tsarskoe Selo outside Petrograd; then, in August, they were moved for their own safety to the relatively quiet and non-radical Tobolsk in western Siberia, where they remained for some months after the Bolshevik takeover (the “October Revolution”) in November. Orme', , 1830. Robert Edward Service (1937–) Career Foreign Service Officer State of Residence: California. Even Nicholas himself seemed not to be a partisan of absolute monarchy, though Alexandra remained one. Mr.… July 7, 2010 Q&A with Robert Service. Alexandra did not share his new taste for literature, preferring a diet of ultra-conservative devotional works. Nicholas even got on reasonably well with the overseer appointed by the Bolsheviks, Vasily Yakovlev, a revolutionary known for his participation in bank expropriations before the revolution. The motivation for the killings is easy to see, since it would have constituted a major threat to Bolshevik security had Nicholas or any of his children fallen into White hands. His answer – implying a foundational sin at the basis of the Soviet regime that Putin in other respects still cherishes – was “in order to hide a crime”. The Czech legion’s prisoners of war were supposed to be evacuated across Russia to Vladivostok to sail round the world to fight with the allies back in Europe, but they started taking over stations on the Trans-Siberian railway in June 1918 and joining forces with Russian anti-Bolsheviks. Date: 12 April 1871 Place: Loganholme, Queensland, Australia: Arrival in WA . Why did they kill the servants, people in general of proletarian origin – for what? The next morning, for some reason, she would feel “bitterly ashamed”. See page on St Antony's College website. It is a non-partisan account, which gives Nicholas good marks for stoicism and lack of pretension in adversity, but bad marks for conservative rigidity as a ruler. In April 1918, when Tobolsk became unsecure, they were moved to Ekaterinburg in the Urals. Overthrowing the conventional image of Stalin as an uneducated political administrator inexplicably transformed into a pathological killer, Robert Service reveals a more complex and fascinating story behind this notorious twentieth-century figure. Why the shame? He was until 2013 a professor of Russian history at the University of Oxford, a Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford, and a senior Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. Profession: writer, historian, university teacher, Show Famous Birthdays Today, United Kingdom, Famous People's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous People's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom, Famous writer's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous writer's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom, Famous historian's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous historian's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom, Famous university teacher's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous university teacher's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom. Service dismisses as whitewashing suggestions that it was purely an initiative of the Ekaterinburg Bolsheviks. 656 pages. He is best known for his biographies of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. 9780330517294. The killing of the tsar and his family bothered the American writer Mary McCarthy, even in her quasi-Stalinist phase, when she was impressed against her better judgment by communist apparatchiks. But Mikhail immediately declined the throne, thus paving the way for a provisional government without a monarch, set up, initially, by the Duma leaders and their associates. Whenever she got a bit drunk, she wrote in “My Confession” in 1953, she would bring up the killing of the tsar’s children and look hopefully, but in vain, for “a trace of scruple or compassion”. So he abdicated in favour of his brother, Grand Duke Mikhail, which was in fact unconstitutional, and likely to cause no end of trouble. Copy link. He was known for his strong anti-Soviet perspectives. His latest monograph is Stalin’s Curse: Battling for Communism in War and Cold War (New York, Alfred A. Knopf and Oxford University Press, 2013). What struck me most on the basis of Service’s account was the contrast between the tsar’s strong sense of sense of duty while he was in the job, and the ease with which he resigned it and his subsequent lack of regret. See more book details. Robert Conquest (1917-2015) was a British-American historian who specialised in the Stalin era. Nicholas’s hopes of being ultimately allowed to live quietly in Russia as a private citizen were never realistic, but the circumstances became immeasurably worse after their move to Ekaterinburg. Robert Service, our pre-eminent Kremlinologist, does not offer a lot of new gossip about Putin. Whether Moscow authorised or ordered the killing in advance, or simply accepted a fait accompli, has been a point of controversy. The historian and biographer has written an unsentimental, surprising account of Nicholas II from his abdication in March 1917 to his execution, Tragedy or triumph? Unlike McCarthy, Putin could see there might be reasonable grounds for revolutionaries to kill the family, since “one had to root out, so to speak, possible heirs”. NBC News presidential historian Michael Beschloss argues that the bar should remain high for Biden, especially when it comes to ethics and transparency. he killing of the tsar and his family bothered the American writer Mary McCarthy, even in her quasi-Stalinist phase, when she was impressed against her better judgment by communist apparatchiks. Now, with the centenary of the Russian Revolution, the issue may become contentious again. Why the shame? A man more given than Nicholas to grievance might have found much to begrudge in his situation after the February revolution. 27 August 2020. Robert Gellately has written or edited ten books, and his works have appeared in more than twenty foreign languages. Discovery in the Urals of what were alleged to be Romanov remains and disputes about their authenticity caused great excitement in early post-Soviet Russia; in 2000, the Moscow patriarch declared the whole family to be “passion bearers” (a lower category of suffering than that of martyrs, earlier bestowed by the Russian Church in emigration). It was first published by Macmillan in 2009 and later republished in other languages. Evidently not much of a reader before – since Tolstoy’s War and Peace was new to him – Nicholas now made up for lost time and devoured an eclectic range of Russian and foreign literature and historical works, including Dmitri Merezhkovski’s Silver Age novels and even the work of satirist Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, as well as Chekhov and Conan Doyle, whose stories he read aloud to his family in the evenings. I discovered the verbatim reports of the War Cabinet meetings over which he presided, which had never been used by any historian before, and I have worked on Churchill’s children’s papers by kind permission of his family, some of which are closed to other researchers. Having converted to the Marxist revolutionary movement in early life, Trotsky had been a member of the Bolshevik Party and a … As for the children, four daughters ranging in age from 16 to 21 at the time of Nicholas’s abdication, and the 12-year-old tsarevitch, they receive little attention from Service. Trotsky: A Biography is a biography of the Marxist theorist and revolutionary Leon Trotsky written by the English historian Robert Service, then a professor in Russian history at the University of Oxford. The decision to dispose of the Romanovs was batted back and forth through telegraph exchanges with Moscow that took three days to get through, but there was little real doubt about the outcome. Photograph: Mondadori via Getty Images. Back in Saint Petersburg, then called Petrograd, his wife Alexandra and elder daughters did their bit by nursing the wounded. Married 4 November 1903, Warralong Station, Marble Bar, Pilbara to Amy Gertrude Hancock, daughter of John Frederick Hancock … Last modified on Thu 22 Feb 2018 14.18 GMT. Service spent his undergraduate years at Cambridge, where he studied Russian and classical Greek. Whenever she got a bit drunk, she wrote in “My Confession” in 1953, she would bring up the killing of the tsar’s children and look hopefully, but in vain, for “a trace of scruple or compassion”. He then moved to Western Canada and subsequently north to the Yukon Territory. Robert John Service (born 29 October 1947) is a British historian, academic, and author who has written extensively on the history of the Soviet Union, particularly the era from the October Revolution to Stalin's death. The bodies were then taken into the forest, burned, and dropped down a mine shaft. Nicholas was in Mogilev in March 1917 when emissaries from the Duma – the parliament he had unwillingly set up after the 1905 revolution – came to report alarming signs of elite disaffection and popular unrest and suggest that abdication was the answer. One of Service’s contributions to the extensive literature on the last Russian tsar is the information he has dug up on Nicholas’s reading after his abdication. Robert Orme British historian who entered service of East India Company in 1743, appointed to Council at Fort St. George 1754-1758, he was instrumental in sending Robert Clive on a... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Hitler Youth and Urdd comparison 'mindless' says historian. He is perhaps best known for writing most of the modern version of the song ‘Auld Lang Syne.’ Robert Service is writing an account of Russian politics since 2012. Professor Service's research interests cover Russian history from the late nineteenth century to the present day. To order a copy for £20.99 (RRP £25) go to bookshop.theguardian.com or call 0330 333 6846. Robert Burns, national poet of Scotland, who wrote lyrics and songs in Scots and in English. Robert Service is one of Britain’s best-known experts on Russia and the Russian Revolution. As confirmed by Robert and Pregitzer (2007) “performance appraisal is a yearly rite of passage in organizations that triggers dread and apprehension in the most experienced, battle hardened manager”. On 17 July 1918, the former tsar and his whole family, plus retainers and the family doctor, were shot in the cellar of the Ipatiev house in Ekaterinburg, where they had been held under house arrest. 15 November 2018. Robert Service talked about his book The End of the Cold War: 1985-1991, in which he looks at the final years of the Cold War from both the U.S. and Soviet perspectives. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article Robert William Service was born in Lancashire, England on January 16, 1874 to a Scottish bank clerk and the daughter of an English factory owner. “The wake of Watergate, for instance, was a great time for anyone who worried about a president grabbing for too much power and corruption at high levels,” he said. Historian Robert Service spoke with former Secretary of State George Shultz about the final years of the Cold War. He is a professor of Russian history at the University of Oxford and a Fellow at St. Antony's College, Oxford. Robert William Service (January 16, 1874 – September 11, 1958) was a British-Canadian poet and writer, often called "the Bard of the Yukon".. Born in Lancashire of Scottish descent, he was a bank clerk by trade, but spent long periods travelling in Western America and Canada, often in some poverty. 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Of Britain ’ s best-known experts on Russia and the Russian leader a professorship at until., treated all their overseers and guardians with resentful hauteur and was widely by! Service is a British historian of modern Russia and the Russian Revolution as well a! Arrival in WA the evaluators Revolution, the city fell to the Czechs presidential historian Michael Beschloss argues that bar!

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